Sunday, November 16, 2008

About the Sandalwood Tree

Sandalwood tree

Bangalore, India — Sandalwood …Santalum album – Shiri Gandha – Chandana – Aninditha - Arishta Phalam - Bhadhrashraya – Sarpavasa – Chandrakanta – Gandhasara – Thailaparna - Malayaja – what names ! More than sixty are listed, each more imaginative than the other.
The sandalwood tree can grow in almost any part of India (which is why any Indian will recognize the fragrant wood, even though they might refer to sandalwood by one of its many aliases.) The sandalwood tree flourishes in regions where the climate is cool with moderate rainfall, plentiful sunshine and long periods of dry weather.
Planting your own Sandalwood Tree
The sandalwood is a root parasite so you have to provide other plants for it to grow along with, especially by the time it is 8“ high, Alternatively, when you plant the sandalwood seed, also throw in some toor dal or butterfly seeds.
Plant the sandalwood seed ¾” to 1” below the soil and water it lightly everyday. If you don’t have access to a strip of soil, you can plant the seed in a soil bed or a pot, or recycle a milk–bag by punching holes in it, adding soil and turning it into a tiny planter. You can move it to a larger bag or a larger pot as required, and gift the sapling to someone else if you run out of space.
Mix red earth, farmyard manure (cattle manure) and sand in a ratio of 2:1:1 i.e 2 parts of red earth, 1 part of manure and 1 part of sand. Silt also provides very good nourishment to plants. The seeds will start sprouting only in 4 to 8 weeks so don’t stop watering if you don’t see results – and don’t over water, because that certainly won’t hasten the process! The soil should always be moist, never water logged, so after it has sprouted, water it only on alternate days.
Eventually, if you have no place to transfer the plant to, you can keep the sandalwood tree in a large container (cement chilla /pot/etc) in your balcony or terrace, strip compound.
When your saplings are about one month old, transplanting them to a larger area will give them a much higher chance to survive and thrive.
Clear an area for planting and dig a pit about 30cm3 in size. Plant the sandalwood seedlings along with the host seedlings – keep a distance of 2.5 to 4m between two sandalwood plants. Usually, sandalwood is transplanted in the months between May and October.
To prevent contamination of local varieties, plant these seeds only in urban areas, not in protected forest areas.
Just like human babies, your sandalwood saplings will need most care in the first year, and will be increasingly independent in following years. You will need to weed around the plants and work the soil for the first year, and, if necessary, in the second year too. In case the host plants outgrow the sandalwood seedlings, tip them a little to provide enough light to the seedlings. If any climbers surround your seedling, cut and remove them.
Ideal Soil
Sandal trees grow mainly on red ferregenuous loam, overlying metamorphic rocks, chiefly gneiss. They can tolerate shallow, rocky ground and stony or gravelly soils, voiding saline or calcareous soils, and are not exacting about the depth of the soil.
Rich and moist soils such as well–drained alluvial soils, do not support sandalwood well; the heartwood in such trees will be deficient in oil. Trees grown on poor soils yield better oil, though they cannot withstand water-logging.Parasitism
The roots of sandalwood saplings attach themselves to the root of the host plant with the help of haustoria. There are also instances of sandal thriving off other sandal trees too.
Sandalwood grows well with hosts such as Acacia, Albizzia, Bombusa, Cassia, Erythrina, Erythroxylon, Gossypium, Pongamia, Semecarpus, Strychnos, Tectona, Thespesia, Vitex and Zocypus in natural forest Spike disease has been reported to be transmitted form hosts, such as Lantana, Acanthaclous Ocimum Dedroclamus, Dodonea, Vinca and Eucalyptus.
The tree flourishes best between altitudes of 600 and 1050 m, though it may go up to 1350 m and descend as low as 360m. The important sandal tracts lie in places where rainfall varies from 60-160cm.
In general, the sandal tree flourishes in regions where the climate is cool with moderate rainfall, plentiful sunshine and long periods of dry weather. The ideal temperature for its growth is between 12° and 30°C.


Cara Menanam Biji Pokok Cendana


1. Rendam biji selama 2 malam / 48jam di dalam baldi yang berisi air setengah baldi.
- selepas 2 hari perhatikan keadaan biji..Asingkan biji yang tenggelam dan yang terapung kerana biji yang tenggelam adalah yang berkualiti tinggi manakala yang terapung adalah kurang berkualiti.
2. Sediakan tapak semaian menggunakan tanah hitam yang telah digembur.
3. Taburkan biji yang telah direndam 2malam keatas tapak semaian yang telah disiram(Basah)dengan rata kemudian taburkan sedikit tanah hitam keatas biji. Pastikan tanah tidak menutupi keseluruhkan biji tadi.
4. Siram 2 kali sehari iaitu pagi dan petang, ini untuk mempercepatkan proses percambahan.
5. Sediakan Polibag kecil dengan menggunakan media tanah hitam.
6. Perhatikan tapak semaian setiap hari, sekiranya ada biji yang pecah dan keluar sedikit tunas, cepat-cepat pindahkan ke dalam polibag dengan cara mengorek biji bersama dengan tanah dan masukkan ke dalam polibag yang telah disiram(basah). Ulangi ini sehingga kesemua biji yang pecah habis dipindahkan ke polibag.
7. Selepas dipindahkan ke dalam polibag, siraman Cuma perlu 2hari sekali, dan tempatkan polibag di tempat yang terlindung dari cahaya matahari yang terik.
8. Benih boleh ditanam ke tanah selepas 6inci tinggi atau lebih.
Anak pokok Cendana tidak memerlukan kawasan yang terlalu bersih, ia lebih gemar pada sekeliling yang semak atau ia tumbuh subur dibawah lindungan pokok2 tinggi. Seperti di dalam kebun getah/ kebun buah-buahan.
9. selepas tinggi pokok Cendana mencapai 10kaki, bahagian pucuk perlu dicantas/dipotang terus, ini adalah bertujuan pokok tidak tumbuh terlalu tinggi dan kualiti/Gred pokok dapat diperlihara.
10. Pokok cendana matang pada tahun ke-8.

Selamat Maju Jaya!!
Saya ada menjual Biji dan Bibit/Anak pokok Cendana .

Anak Bibit( tinggi 6inci) = RM30 sepokok

Biji Cendana = RM4500/kg

Sekian dan Terima Kasih

Dari Albert